‘Verlieren’ is a German verb that means ‘to lose’, and it can be examined from the following three aspects as a language teacher:
1. Spelling and unciation: The word ‘verlieren’ is spelled with nine letters, four of which are vowels, and ounced as [fɛɐ̯ˈliːʁən]. Students may need to practice differentiating between the sounds of ‘ie’ and ‘ei’ in German, and also the proper stress on the second syllable.
2. Grammar and usage: ‘Verlieren’ is a regular verb that belongs to the category of weak verbs in German. Its conjugation pattern in the present tense is ich verliere, du verlierst, er/sie/es verliert, wir verlieren, ihr verliert, sie/Sie verlieren. The verb can be used transitively and intransitively, and often takes the accusative case for the thing that is lost. Common collocations include ‘etwas verlieren’ (to lose something), ‘an Gewicht verlieren’ (to lose weight), and ‘die Geduld verlieren’ (to lose one’s patience).
3. Cultural and communicative competence: In addition to understanding the language structure and usage of ‘verlieren’, students may also need to learn about the cultural norms and attitudes ociated with losing in German-speaking societies. For example, losing in sports or games is often seen as disappointing, but also as an opportunity to learn and improve. Losing a job or a loved one can be a source of grief and empathy. Expressions of sympathy and encouragement may differ across cultures and contexts.
1. Ich verliere nie den Mut. (I never lose courage.)
2. Du verlierst dein Portemonnaie. (You’re losing your wallet.)
3. Der Verein hat wieder verloren. (The club lost again.)
4. Wir haben das Spiel nicht verloren. (We didn’t lose the game.)
5. Sie verlieren an Boden. (They’re losing ground.)
1. Ich habe meinen Schlüssel verloren. (我把我的钥匙弄丢了。)
2. Unser Team hat das Spiel verloren. (我们的队输了比赛。)
3. Wenn du nicht aufpt, wirst du alles verlieren. (如果你不小心，你会失去一切。)